- Elgar original reference
Edited by James G. Carrier
Chapter 8: Labour
CHAPTER 08 21/2/05 8:56 AM Page 1 8 Labour E. Paul Durrenberger Economists are known for their qualification ‘all other things being equal’, while anthropologists have made a discipline of the fact that things are never equal. Economic anthropology today is not best thought of as the study of economy in non-Western settings, but rather as anthropological approaches to economy in any setting. To meet their material needs, people produce, distribute and consume goods. Economic anthropology describes the systems in which people do these things, how these systems are organised, how they operate, how they got that way, how they relate to other systems, how people behave and make decisions in terms of such systems, and the consequences of people’s actions for the systems. To understand how various economic systems organise production, distribution and consumption, we have to understand what the system is, what its parts are and how the parts relate to one another. Another goal of economic anthropology is to describe these systems in locally meaningful terms that are universally relevant and useful for understanding any economic system at any time and any place (Durrenberger 1996). Here I shall discuss how anthropologists have classified economic systems in terms of the means they use to organise labour for production, the classification of production units according to different roles of labour in them, the role of labour in modern complex societies, how globalisation affects the organisation of labour, and the relationships between people’s involvement with labour and the forms...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.