Edited by James G. Carrier
Chapter 30: South America
Terry Roopnaraine High up the Igarapé Onça two young men with their two young wives, each with two children hardly more than toddlers, had settled by themselves well away from the large villages. Each man had married the other’s sister. They lived in one oblong earth-floored house, a separate hearth at each end. I arrived to visit and hung my hammock with the man I knew better. In the morning both men went to hunt. Both got a single peccary. Both hearths cooked up a stew. Our end had its meal ready first, and as we began to eat a child from this end was sent with a calabash of stew to the other end. This was deposited in the pot cooking at that hearth. Later, as we at our end lolled in our hammocks, a child came from the other end with a calabash of their stew which was taken by the woman at this end and put into her pot. Nothing was said. The exchange wasn’t, of course, an ‘economic’ act which distributed scarce resources. It was a moral act, expressing the obligations of the relationship the people were in. (Campbell 1995: 144) The economic anthropology of South America is ethnographically and theoretically diverse. It will therefore be useful to begin by specifying the geographical reach of this chapter. Here, for the sake of both space and breadth of available material, we shall concentrate on continental South America, and not attempt to do justice to the considerable...
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