Worlds in Transition
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Worlds in Transition

Evolving Governance Across a Stressed Planet

Joseph A. Camilleri and Jim Falk

The book’s detailed analysis of five strategic sectors (economy, environment, health, information and security) points to an intricate and rapidly evolving interplay of geopolitical, cultural and ecological spaces. It shows that the normative ethos and politico-legal institutions of the modern epoch are gradually being eroded. Despite competing trends and countertrends the authors discern the slow, at times ambiguous, often contentious but unmistakable emergence over the last several decades of a new governance regime, one which is striving for a leap in human reflexivity in response to the challenges of a stressed world that is simultaneously singular and plural.
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Chapter 10: Globalisation of Insecurity in the Era of Hegemonic Decline

Joseph A. Camilleri and Jim Falk

Extract

10. Globalisation of insecurity in the era of hegemonic decline In previous chapters we have argued that the dominant institutional arrangements which underpinned economic, atmospheric, information and pathogenic flows during the Modern epoch came under increasing pressure. To restate the argument briefly: the twentieth century witnessed the diminishing capacity of the state to manage the shift from an interstate to a world system. This erosion of institutional efficacy was in large measure the expression of the globalisation of the market which had swept all in its path. Over time, the state itself was subjected to the colonising pressures of the market. It is against this backdrop that states generally and the hegemon in particular turned to the creation of international institutions which did not, however, replace either the hegemon or the system of states. In other words, multilateralism had to coexist with residual hegemony on the one hand and competitive interdependence on the other. Both states (including the hegemon) and multilateral organisations had to contend with the powerful pressures exerted by the market, and increasingly by civil society. Not surprisingly, public policy, not just in the economic domain, was buffeted by the ebb and flow of the ‘double movement’, namely the oscillation between regulation and deregulation as well as the intensifying contestation between different modes of regulation. Something of the same evolutionary dynamic was evident in the field of security, though with important differences attributable to the peculiarities of the security dilemma. Physical security is a key physiological need critical...

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