Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Culture
Show Less

Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Culture

The Interaction between Technology, Progress and Economic Growth

Edited by Terrence E. Brown and Jan Ulijn

Any technological advance, innovation or economic growth created by an organization is dependent on how that organization’s culture and environment fosters or inhibits these developments. This process is further complicated by the global nature of economic activity and differences in national cultures due to country-specific histories, experiences, traditions and rules. The distinguished authors in this important new book aim to study the nature of organizational innovation and change by examining the complex interplay between entrepreneurship, innovation and culture.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 3: Knowledge management, institutions and professional cultures in engineering consulting services: the case of Hong Kong

Erik Baark


1 Erik Baark Although engineering consulting is a knowledge-intensive business service that has been practised for many years in advanced industrialized economies, its crucial function for innovation related to the built environment has received relatively little attention. Services have only recently become a prominent item on the agenda of innovation research, as scholars gradually seek to understand the differences and similarities between innovation in services and in manufacturing (Howells, 2000). The new interest in service innovation has led to the development of more sophisticated taxonomies of innovation patterns in various subsectors of services (Metcalfe and Miles, 2000). Technical and engineering consultancy is usually classified as highly innovative, belonging to a group of technology-based knowledge intensive business services that are concerned with the production and transfer of new knowledge (Roberts, Andersen and Hull, 2000). However, engineering consultants are often associated with the construction industry, a sector of the economy that has traditionally been regarded as very conservative, exhibiting a low rate of innovation. This image of construction as an innovative laggard has been reinforced by the low rate of explicit, formal research and development (R&D) activities and investment reported by firms in the sector. Expenditures on R&D in construction, measured on the basis of the activities undertaken by contractors and sub-suppliers, range from 0.01 per cent to 0.4 per cent of construction value-added for OECD countries, figures that are significantly lower than the 3–4 per cent of value-added spent on R&D in manufacturing (see...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.