Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness
Show Less

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Australia

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Extract

Australia Table AU.1 Small Entity patent counts by year, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 10 yrs Individual 119 119 97 119 153 142 121 140 141 129 1,280 Small Firm 116 113 134 128 189 177 216 196 231 224 1,724 Nonprofit 14 17 16 18 37 33 30 41 28 24 258 Total 249 249 247 265 379 352 367 377 400 377 3,262 Figure AU.1 SE counts, % change on 1994 with % change year on year 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% -10.00% 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 % change from 1994 % change yr on yr 114 Australia 115 Table AU.2 Cited Small Entity patents, 1994 to 2002 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Cited>=1 216 214 210 212 259 208 143 81 6 % >=1 86.7% 85.9% 85.0% 80.0% 68.3% 59.1% 39.0% 21.5% 1.5% Cited >= 3 136 138 124 121 107 68 33 5 0 % >= 3 54.6% 55.4% 50.2% 45.7% 28.2% 19.3% 9.0% 1.3% 0.0% Total 249 249 247 265 379 352 367 377 400 Table AU.3 Distribution of SE patents by Technology Class, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Chem. 41 50 40 66 87 77 78 86 89 66 % Chem. 16.5% 20.1% 16.2% 24.9% 23.0% 21.9% 21.3% 22.8% 22.3% 17.5% Elec. 21 23 17 24 35 31 40 38...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.