Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness
Show Less

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Austria

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Extract

Austria Table AT.1 Small Entity patent counts by year, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 10 yrs Individual 40 55 52 63 59 70 67 79 45 59 589 Small Firm 33 43 34 39 56 76 73 85 67 66 572 Nonprofit 0 0 0 0 3 1 2 0 0 1 7 Total 73 98 86 102 118 147 142 164 112 126 1,168 Figure AT.1 SE counts, % change on 1994 with % change year on year 120.00% 100.00% 80.00% 60.00% 40.00% 20.00% 0.00% -20.00% -40.00% 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 % change from 1994 % change yr on yr 116 Austria 117 Table AT.2 Cited Small Entity patents, 1994 to 2002 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Cited>=1 56 77 68 72 70 90 49 28 0 % >=1 76.7% 78.6% 79.1% 70.6% 59.3% 61.2% 34.5% 17.1% 0.0% Cited >= 3 25 51 34 39 27 27 9 3 0 % >= 3 34.2% 52.0% 39.5% 38.2% 22.9% 18.4% 6.3% 1.8% 0.0% Total 73 98 86 102 118 147 142 164 112 Table AT.3 Distribution of SE patents by Technology Class, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Chem. 13 20 13 27 28 27 18 35 26 24 % Chem. Elec. 17.8% 20.4% 15.1% 26.5% 23.7% 18.4% 12.7% 21.3% 23.2% 19.0% 14 5 5 10 6 15 14 13 12...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.