Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness
Show Less

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Israel

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Extract

Israel Table IL.1 Small Entity patent counts by year, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 10 yrs Individual 84 77 76 95 124 132 110 84 102 94 978 Small Firm 84 110 136 161 249 246 276 350 379 363 2,354 Nonprofit 29 22 39 33 62 64 53 54 46 57 459 Total 197 209 251 289 435 442 439 488 527 514 3,791 Figure IL.1 SE counts, % change on 1994 with % change year on year 150.00% 120.00% 90.00% 60.00% 30.00% 0.00% -30.00% 94 % change from 1994 % change yr on yr 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 140 Israel 141 Table IL.2 Cited Small Entity patents, 1994 to 2002 Year Cited>=1 1994 177 1995 179 1996 201 1997 228 1998 314 1999 268 2000 215 2001 142 2002 20 % >=1 89.8% 85.6% 80.1% 78.9% 72.2% 60.6% 49.0% 29.1% 3.8% Cited >= 3 129 122 123 140 167 117 62 21 0 % >= 3 65.5% 58.4% 49.0% 48.4% 38.4% 26.5% 14.1% 4.3% 0.0% Total 197 209 251 289 435 442 439 488 527 Table IL.3 Distribution of SE patents by Technology Class, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Chem. 55 56 81 66 104 127 112 108 133 120 % Chem. 27.9% 26.8% 32.3% 22.8% 23.9% 28.7% 25.5% 22.1% 25.2% 23.3% Elec. 35 46 46 65 121 121 149 158 167 170...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.