Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness
Show Less

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Netherlands

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Extract

Netherlands Table NL.1 Small Entity patent counts by year, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 10 yrs Individual 37 44 38 40 37 51 38 36 20 24 365 Small Firm 95 90 68 77 94 109 124 138 118 77 990 Nonprofit 6 2 3 10 13 10 19 10 9 10 92 Total 138 136 109 127 144 170 181 184 147 111 1,447 Figure NL.1 SE counts, % change on 1994 with % change year on year 50.00% % change from 1994 % change yr on yr 25.00% 0.00% -25.00% 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 152 Netherlands 153 Table NL.2 Cited Small Entity patents, 1994 to 2002 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Cited>=1 121 109 95 89 96 80 71 41 4 % >=1 87.7% 80.1% 87.2% 70.1% 66.7% 47.1% 39.2% 22.3% 2.7% Cited >= 3 88 68 56 39 37 24 15 3 0 % >= 3 63.8% 50.0% 51.4% 30.7% 25.7% 14.1% 8.3% 1.6% 0.0% Total 138 136 109 127 144 170 181 184 147 Table NL.3 Distribution of SE patents by Technology Class, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Chem. 27 32 19 29 35 44 51 53 51 28 % Chem. 19.6% 23.5% 17.4% 22.8% 24.3% 25.9% 28.2% 28.8% 34.7% 25.2% Elec. 13 5 12 15 13 5 17 17 14 10 % Elec. 9.4% 3.7%...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.