Public Sector Employment in Ten Western Countries
Edited by Hans-Ulrich Derlien and B. Guy Peters
Chapter 12: Conclusion
Hans-Ulrich Derlien A condensed summary of the ten country reports could contain the following points: From the 1950s when data became available and the time series started, until the end of the millennium, a general expansion of public employment took place with the public sector more than doubling in most countries. This trend however was not a linear one. The growth era was followed by stagnation and even slight decreases. A second trend accompanying this development was the growth in part-time employment, and this in turn was very closely related to increased female employment. Fourth, in all of the countries, part-time and female employment were linked to the most important growth areas, speciﬁcally the tremendous expansion of the educational sector, followed by health care and in many countries, personal social services. The growth of public employment in these areas was bound to aﬀect the proportions of employment between levels of government. There is a general trend for the vertical, intergovernmental distribution of public employment to become more bulky because these services are amassed for functional reasons at the regional and local levels of government. Another aspect of the vertical distribution of employment is a trend towards agenciﬁcation in particular in those countries with a British administrative culture. Privatization and agenciﬁcation associated with New Public Management inspired reforms. This conﬁguration though is much more complicated and deserves some diﬀerentiation; the in-depth analysis is reserved for Volume II. CHANGES IN PUBLIC SECTOR SIZE In broad brush...
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