The Influences on Creativity in Research and Innovation
Edited by Sven Hemlin and Carl Martin Allwood
Chapter 4: Strategizing for regional advantage: a case study of Ideon Science Park in Lund, Sweden
Lars Bengtsson and Jan-Inge Lind* INTRODUCTION In her study of Silicon Valley and Route 128 in the Boston, USA area, Saxenian (1996, pp.165–8) proposed a model for the creation of a networkbased system for regional development. For the first step she proposed the creation of a community of interests and for the second the creation of a decentralized network-based system requiring collective action on two levels. On the first level a pool of necessary service firms must be present or developed in the region. The specialist firms in a regional industrial system depend on the external provision of a wide range of collective services including capital, research, technical education, managerial education, market knowledge and training. These services can be provided by private as well as public actors or a mix of these. On the second level Saxenian asserts that the intense localization of economic activity in a limited geographical area places huge demands on the region’s infrastructure such as transport, land availability and telecommunication, as well as on the environment. These problems have to be dealt with at the regional level and involve several local and regional private and public sector organizations. While Saxenian’s interesting analysis gives us some understanding of the sources of regional advantages, it is not so forthcoming about the process of creating regional advantages. Moreover, for many students of regional advantage, Silicon Valley, Route 128, Austin and other well-known high-tech areas represent a far greater concentration of industrial resources and competence than is imaginable in...
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