The Influences on Creativity in Research and Innovation
Edited by Sven Hemlin and Carl Martin Allwood
Chapter 5: The industry doctoral student: and educational challenge for academia and industry
5. The industry doctoral student: an educational challenge for academia and industry Lillemor Wallgren and Sture Hägglund* INTRODUCTION The new knowledge society poses novel and changing requirements for knowledge and competence. The recent interest in the concept of ‘the Triple Helix’ as a model of the interplay between universities, industry and government to promote innovation and growth also emphasizes the entrepreneurial role of universities (Etzkowitz, 2002). The observed importance of knowledge and competence development for individuals, organizations and the society as a whole leads to evolution and change in the educational system. Measures are sought to improve the educational process, making it more effective. One area of special concern is postgraduate education. In particular, there is a recognized need to increase the production of PhDs, especially for careers in industry. A general trend is to develop and strengthen the character of doctoral education as research schools, that is as integrated programmes with cooperating subject areas and professors. A specific issue is to develop doctoral study programmes arranged for PhD candidates affiliated with companies, not the least in engineering disciplines in general and in the area of information technology in particular. In Sweden, as in other countries, major changes have taken place in higher education during the twentieth century. The traditional model of doctoral education based upon one-subject departments and a single professor supervising a group of doctoral students is gradually being superseded by integrated graduate schools with cooperating professors, emphasis on improved supervision and multidisciplinary course programmes. In Great...
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