Outcomes and Perspectives
Chapter 1: The Entrepreneurship Debate in Europe: A Matter of History and Culture?
Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö and Jan Ulijn In this introductory chapter, we would like to talk about the richness and the specificities of the European research in entrepreneurship. First we will approach entrepreneurship research from a historical perspective thus positioning and identifying the European cultural roots and re-emergence for entrepreneurship debates. This positioning also addresses attention to the specificities that characterise the current European research. In the second section we will explore these specificities aiming to advance the debate of the future European approach to entrepreneurship research. Finally, in the last section we will present how this book participates in these debates by introducing our authors and their studies. As a result we wish to provide some new insights into the landscape of entrepreneurship research in Europe and thus advance the European-specific debate on entrepreneurship research. THE EUROPEAN ROOTS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP RESEARCH The multidisciplinary character of the field of entrepreneurship is a fact which immediately appears to all persons who have some knowledge of this scholarly domain. Entrepreneurship is still in a theory-building stage (Wiseman and Skilton, 1999) and for some researchers is a ‘multidisciplinary jigsaw’ with a high level of research fragmentation (Harrison and Leitch, 1994). Hence, it would seem difficult to give a complete and detailed representation of the scientific scope of entrepreneurship and all related disciplines. However, it is possible to identify the current state of entrepreneurship research in Europe by delineating the historical changes in its development. By posing such questions as what, how...
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