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Research Companion to Organizational Health Psychology

Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper

This timely Research Companion is essential reading to advance the understanding of healthy behaviours within working environments and to identify problems which can be the cause of illness. Containing both theoretical and empirical contributions written by distinguished academics working in Europe, North America and Australia, the book covers leading edge topics ranging from current theories of stress, stress management, and stress in specific occupational groups, such as doctors and teachers, to the relationship of stress with well-being. It provides systematic approaches towards practical actions and stress interventions in working environments and a solid theoretical framework for future research. It will be an essential companion to research on psychology and medicine as well as stress.
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Chapter 3: Psychosocial Risk Factors and Work-Related Stress: State-of-the-Art and Issues for Future Research

Michiel A.J. Kompier and Toon W. Taris


3 Psychosocial risk factors and work-related stress: state of the art and issues for future research Michiel A.J. Kompier and Toon W. Taris Introduction Every year the results of hundreds, if not thousands, of studies into work stress and its causes and consequences are published. Many of these studies provide interesting insights into the nature of stress at work, and some even present important new insights. On the other hand we believe that many other manuscripts do not make a real contribution to furthering knowledge. In this chapter we will discuss the current status in this research area and issues for future research. It presents our, perhaps somewhat idiosyncratic, ideas as stress researchers, journal editors and reviewers. The objectives of this chapter are twofold. The first aim is to provide a brief overview of what is known with respect to the psychosocial work environment and stress. We will look at the changing nature of work and at its increasing psychosocial workload. We will also characterize the major risk factors for stress in the psychosocial work environment and comment on the role of individual characteristics and behavioural styles in the interplay between work characteristics, work behaviour and work performance and health outcomes. Legal issues with respect to the psychosocial work environment will also be introduced. On the basis of this overview, the second aim of this chapter is to assess the implications of this ‘state of the knowledge’ especially for research, but also for policy and practice. The question we will...

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