Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 3: Psychosocial Risk Factors and Work-Related Stress: State-of-the-Art and Issues for Future Research
3 Psychosocial risk factors and work-related stress: state of the art and issues for future research Michiel A.J. Kompier and Toon W. Taris Introduction Every year the results of hundreds, if not thousands, of studies into work stress and its causes and consequences are published. Many of these studies provide interesting insights into the nature of stress at work, and some even present important new insights. On the other hand we believe that many other manuscripts do not make a real contribution to furthering knowledge. In this chapter we will discuss the current status in this research area and issues for future research. It presents our, perhaps somewhat idiosyncratic, ideas as stress researchers, journal editors and reviewers. The objectives of this chapter are twofold. The ﬁrst aim is to provide a brief overview of what is known with respect to the psychosocial work environment and stress. We will look at the changing nature of work and at its increasing psychosocial workload. We will also characterize the major risk factors for stress in the psychosocial work environment and comment on the role of individual characteristics and behavioural styles in the interplay between work characteristics, work behaviour and work performance and health outcomes. Legal issues with respect to the psychosocial work environment will also be introduced. On the basis of this overview, the second aim of this chapter is to assess the implications of this ‘state of the knowledge’ especially for research, but also for policy and practice. The question we will...
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