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Research Companion to Organizational Health Psychology

Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper

This timely Research Companion is essential reading to advance the understanding of healthy behaviours within working environments and to identify problems which can be the cause of illness. Containing both theoretical and empirical contributions written by distinguished academics working in Europe, North America and Australia, the book covers leading edge topics ranging from current theories of stress, stress management, and stress in specific occupational groups, such as doctors and teachers, to the relationship of stress with well-being. It provides systematic approaches towards practical actions and stress interventions in working environments and a solid theoretical framework for future research. It will be an essential companion to research on psychology and medicine as well as stress.
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Chapter 5: The Relationship Between Ethnicity and Work Stress

Grace V.F. Miller and Cheryl J. Travers


Grace V.F. Miller and Cheryl J. Travers The present research has identified one area which clearly requires further study, namely investigation of occupational stress in different ethnic groups. It has categorized the most prevalent type of reported occupational stress and this can be labelled ‘social group II’ stress. This is clearly very different from the social gradient health effects that have been widely studied and it requires further investigation. (Smith et al., 2000 p. 60) Introduction Cooper et al. (1988) suggest that workload, the position within the organization, the relationships that are formed, career progression, the structure of the organization and the atmosphere within that structure can be major sources of stress. Others have identified a relationship with work stress and demographic variables such as age, gender and position (Travers and Cooper, 1996, 1998; Travers, 2001). However no studies to date have found a significant link between stress and ethnicity or have explored the possible effects of ethnicity on stress. Until recently studies have either identified a gap in the ethnicity research upon analysis of the data from their stress surveys (Smith et al., 2000), or have focused primarily upon the overall experiences of minority ethnic women managers (Davidson, 1997). This chapter argues that individual ethnic identity may be just as important or more important in determining the amount of stress an individual may suffer at work. Ethnicity as a demographic variable may seem like any other demographic variable as a...

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