Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 15: Prevention Perspectives in Occupational Health Psychology
Lois E. Tetrick, James Campbell Quick and Jonathan D. Quick People spend a signiﬁcant proportion of their lives at work and often their jobs bring meaning and structure to their lives (Jahoda, 1982).1 In fact, work may dominate the lives of many individuals (Cox, 1997). Since work is a central aspect of many people’s lives, it generally is recognized that individuals should have a safe and healthy work environment. Employees should not have to worry about injury or illness, and legislation has been introduced in many industrialized countries including the United States, The Netherlands, Sweden and the European Union to help ensure this (Kompier, 1996). The focus of much of the early work on occupational safety and health was on workers’ exposure to physical hazards in the work environment. Increasingly, however, the workplace is viewed as the logical, appropriate context for health promotion, not just the prevention of injuries and illness (Cooper and Cartwright, 1994; Cox, 1997). This broader perspective is concerned with healthy people and healthy organizations especially considering the recent changes in the organization of work as well as changes in the people in the workforce (Levi et al., 1999). The purpose of this chapter is to examine the healthy organizations and healthy people dimensions in occupational health psychology and then to explore two prevention models for enhancing healthy workplaces. The chapter ends with a conclusion about the emergent positive psychology. Healthy organizations In considering healthy organizations, one must consider the question of healthy for whom...
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