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Research Companion to Organizational Health Psychology

Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper

This timely Research Companion is essential reading to advance the understanding of healthy behaviours within working environments and to identify problems which can be the cause of illness. Containing both theoretical and empirical contributions written by distinguished academics working in Europe, North America and Australia, the book covers leading edge topics ranging from current theories of stress, stress management, and stress in specific occupational groups, such as doctors and teachers, to the relationship of stress with well-being. It provides systematic approaches towards practical actions and stress interventions in working environments and a solid theoretical framework for future research. It will be an essential companion to research on psychology and medicine as well as stress.
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Chapter 37: Love and Work: The Relationships Between their Unconscious Choices and Burnout

Ayala Malach Pines


Ayala Malach Pines ‘One can live magnificently in this world if one knows how to work and how to love,’ wrote Tolstoy in a letter to a friend in 1856. Freud is alleged to have also written that the abilities to love and to work are the evidence for psychological well-being. People’s choice of a career and an intimate partner tell us a great deal about who they are and have a major impact on their lives. The importance of both work and love for healthy functioning has been well documented empirically (for example Barnett, 1993; Baruch et al., 1983; Hazan and Shaver, 1990; Lee and Kanungo, 1984), yet studies of love generally ignore its relationship to work and studies of work ignore its relationship to love (Hazan and Shaver, 1990), adhering to what Kanter termed the ‘myth of separate worlds’ (Kanter, 1977). The relationship between work and love was noted in studies documenting the spillover of work stress to the family (for example Boles et al., 1997; Eckenrode and Gore, 1990; Golembiewski, 2000; Hochschild, 1999; Kanter, 1977; Kinnunen and Mauno, 1998; Pensa, 1999; Valtinson, 1998; Zedeck, 1992). It seems that satisfaction in one sphere of life is associated with satisfaction in the other and stress in one sphere is associated with stress in the other (Hazan and Shaver, 1990). An important question that seems worthy of an in-depth discussion is the reason for this relationship. The current chapter addresses this question in the context of the relationship...

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