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Chapter 18: Responsible Leadership and Governance in a Global Context: Insights from the GLOBE Study
Narda R. Quigley, Mary Sully de Luque and Robert J. House Introduction The increasing trend toward globalization in business is undeniable. At the start of the 21st century, more than ever, multinational corporations control large portions of the market in different industries; domestic ﬁrms compete against increasing numbers of foreign competitors; and companies seek to place in leadership positions managers who have had international experience (Choate and Linger, 1988; Ehrlich, 2002; Gregersen et al., 1998; McFarland et al., 1993). With this increased emphasis on the international arena, cross-cultural issues have continued to become a major research agenda in management. Although a number of articles on this topic have begun to explore cross-cultural inﬂuences on business ethics (for example, Christie et al., 2003; Blodgett et al., 2001; Russ-Eft and Hatcher, 2003; Stajkovic and Luthans, 1997), the area of business ethics has yet to become a focal point for cross-cultural researchers. The ﬁndings to date of the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) research program are uniquely positioned to illuminate some of the ethical conﬂicts and misunderstandings that arise as ﬁrms conduct business within and across societal borders. GLOBE is a ten-year, multi-method, multi-phase research program that examines the relationships among societal and organizational culture, societal and organizational effectiveness and leadership. A complete description of the program and its ﬁndings can be found in House et al. (2004). Brieﬂy, the major purpose of Project GLOBE is to increase knowledge relevant to cross-cultural interactions. The results of this study...
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