Chapter 6: Some Biological Problems
The reader has no doubt so far felt more or less at home with the previous chapters since they deal with behavior, which is not too far distant from his own. He no doubt makes contributions to charities, may contribute to the church, and occasionally feels called upon to contribute to a fund to assist people in some distant disaster. If there is an earthquake in Turkey, a ﬂood in Venezuela, or famine in Ethiopia, many Americans certainly including at least some of the readers of this book, will make voluntary contributions to the victims. There are indeed special organizations that do nothing except solicit such donations and then expend them, wisely, we hope. The reader also no doubt believes in the theory of evolution. Even most churchgoers accept the general process of natural selection. I doubt the reader who has read thus far realizes that there is an apparent and obvious contradiction between these two parts of his psyche. Evolution selects not for niceness, but for producing the maximum number of descendants. If you make a contribution instead of spending the money to improve the education or health of your son, daughter, or grandchildren you reduce the likely number of your descendants. Natural selection should, over time, eliminate your particular family in favor of a more selﬁsh, family-oriented, hereditary line. Since the reader no doubt makes contributions to various charities and favors his government taxing him for other charitable payments not to his children, he may be puzzled...
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