Edited by Fergus Carr and Andrew Massey
Chapter 3: Enlargement and Central and Eastern Europe
Petr Drulák This chapter looks at the eastern enlargement of the European Union (EU) through Central European eyes. It focuses on the costs and beneﬁts which the Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) associate with their EU membership. However, the chapter tries to avoid a standard, economic cost–beneﬁt analysis, which would quantify all the items, summarize them and present the bottom line as the ﬁnal result. Even though this kind of analysis can provide valuable ﬁndings (see e.g. Majcen, 1999), it is bound to miss the bigger picture of institutional and ideational changes in the CEECs related to EU accession. Therefore, I start by pointing to the asymmetry in the theorization of EU enlargement that leads to the underestimation of the ideational factors in the analysis of the CEECs, even though these factors are usually taken into account in the analysis of the EU. Following this, I look into how Europe is constructed in relation to the national identities of the CEECs, arguing that these constructions represent frameworks within which the accession practice has been embedded. The accession practice itself is addressed by the analysis of accession negotiations and the development of good governance in the CEECs. I argue that these two areas represent the accession practice very well. As for the former, the most contested issues in the accession negotiations provide us with an idea of how the costs and beneﬁts of accession were perceived. Concerning the latter, good governance became the key issue...
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