Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 18: UN: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979
Commentary: CEDAW (UN Doc A/34/46, entry into force 1981) is administered by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women which assesses national reports. An Optional Protocol (UN Doc A/54/49 (2000), entry into force 2000) provides for it to consider communications by individuals or groups of individuals alleging violations by State Parties. See further, www.ohchr.org. See also, Convention on the Political Rights of Women 193 UNTS 135 (entry into force 1954); UNGA Resolution 3318 (1974) concerning the Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict; UNGA Resolution 48/104 (1993) concerning the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women; UNCTC/ILO (1985), ‘Women Workers in MNEs in Developing Countries’, Geneva. Article 1 For the purposes of the present Convention, the term ‘discrimination against women’ shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field. Article 2 States Parties condemn discrimination against women in all its forms, agree to pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating discrimination against women and, to this end, undertake: (b) (e) To adopt appropriate legislative and other measures, including sanctions where appropriate, prohibiting all discrimination against women; To take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination...
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