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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 19: UN: Convention on Rights of the Child, 1989


19. UN: Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989 Commentary: The Convention (UN Doc A/44/49(1989), entry into force 1990) is administered by the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), a body of independent experts which assesses national reports on implementation and issues general comments on thematic issues. Although it cannot consider individual complaints, the CRC also monitors implementation of the Optional Protocols on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflicts (UN Doc A/54/49, Vol III (2000), entry into force 2002) and on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (extracted below). In addition to the provisions extracted below, State Parties have also recognised for every child the rights to non-discriminatory treatment (Article 2), life (6), a name, nationality and identity (7 & 8), freedom of expression (13 & 14), freedom of association and peaceful assembly (15), the highest attainable standard of health (24), social security (26), an adequate standard of living (27), education (28 & 29), culture (30) and rest and leisure (31). Under Article 18, parents have the primary responsibility for the upbringing and development of children. However, special provisions apply to adopted (Articles 20 & 21) and disabled children (23). See further, Article 1 For the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier. Article 3 1. In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law,...

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