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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 20: UN: Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, 2000


Commentary: The Optional Protocol (UN Doc A/54/49 Vol III (2000), entry into force 2002) furthers Articles 1, 11, 21 and 32–7 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The 1999 International Conference on Combating Child Pornography on the Internet emphasised closer cooperation between governments and the internet industry and called for the global criminalisation of producing, distributing, exporting, transmitting, importing, intentionally possessing or advertising child pornography. See further, World Congress against the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: 1996 Stockholm Declaration and Agenda for Action for the Prevention of the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (First Congress) and the 2001 Yokohama Global Commitment (Second Congress) ( Article 1 States Parties shall prohibit the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography as provided for by the present Protocol. Article 2 For the purposes of the present Protocol: (a) (b) (c) Sale of children means any act or transaction whereby a child is transferred by any person or group of persons to another for remuneration or any other consideration; Child prostitution means the use of a child in sexual activities for remuneration or any other form of consideration; Child pornography means any representation, by whatever means, of a child engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or any representation of the sexual parts of a child for primarily sexual purposes. Article 3 1. Each State Party shall ensure that, as a minimum, the following acts and activities are fully covered under its criminal or penal...

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