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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 22: UN: Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, 1998


Commentary: Formulated by the UN Human Rights Commission, the Principles (UN Doc E/CN.4/1998/53/Add.2, Annex) define a normative framework for internally displaced persons (IDPs). The Introductory Note states that the Principles ‘restate existing norms and seek to clarify grey areas and fill in the gaps’ within international humanitarian law, human rights law and refugee law: see further, ‘Compilation and Analysis of Legal Norms’, UN Doc E/CN.4/1996/52/Add.2. The foreword observes that these Principles ‘provide valuable practical guidance to Governments, other competent authorities, intergovernmental organizations and NGOs’. Commercial interests are engaged with respect to large-scale development projects (Principles 5 & 6), employment (22), offering humanitarian assistance (25) and property (21 & 29). Natural resource extraction can exacerbate local armed conflict and contribute to human rights violations: Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (2000), Human Security in Sudan: The Report of a Canadian Assessment Mission, Ottawa. See further, World Bank, Operational Directive 4.30 (1990) on Involuntary Resettlement, Washington, DC. Introduction: Scope and Purpose 2. For the purposes of these Principles, internally displaced persons are persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border. 3. These Principles reflect and are consistent with international human rights law and international humanitarian law. They provide...

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