Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 23: Additional initiatives
i. UN: Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, 1993 Commentary: The principal outcomes of the World Conference on Human Rights (UN Doc A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), 1993) apply to business and industry as ‘groups’, ‘organs of society’, ‘institutions’, ‘non-governmental organisations’, actors within ‘the development field’ or ‘private’ sphere and ‘members of the international community’. Paragraphs of relevance include the right to development, illicitly dumping toxic or dangerous substances (paragraph 11), racism (15), sexual harassment, exploiting or trafficking in women (18 & 38), and economically or sexually exploiting children including child pornography, child prostitution and the sale of organs (21 & 48). Additionally noteworthy is respecting the exercise of minority rights in private (paragraph 19) and eliminating violence against women in their private life (38). The Declaration and Programme of Action recognises the important contributions of NGOs in promoting and implementing human rights (paragraphs 38 & 52) including the media (39). Governments with NGO assistance should promote increased human rights awareness and mutual tolerance (paragraph 82). Finally, governments are urged to ‘incorporate standards as contained in international human rights instruments in domestic legislation and to strengthen national structures, institutions and organs of society which play a role in promoting and safeguarding human rights’ (paragraph 83). ii. UN: Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognised Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1999 Commentary: UNGA Resolution 53/144 (1999) marks the fiftieth anniversary of the UDHR. For the draft text, see Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1998/7;...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.