Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 28: ILO: Convention No 105 (1957) Concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour (entry into force 1959)
Commentary: Although the two forced labour conventions are among the most highly ratified conventions, the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations continues to observe instances of the practice. For ILO perspectives, see ILO (1968), ‘Summary of Reports on Unratified Conventions and Recommendations (Article 19 of the Constitution): Forced Labour’, Geneva and ILO (2001), ‘Stopping Forced Labour: Global Report under the Followup to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work’, Report of the Director-General, Geneva. For a case study, see Solla P. (1998), ‘Supervising labour standards and human rights: the case of forced labour in Myanmar (Burma)’, International Labour Review, 137, 391–409. On the question of compensation, see Fassbender B. (2005), ‘Compensation for forced labour in World War II: the German Compensation Law of 2 August 2000’, Journal of International Criminal Justice, 3, 243–52. Article 1 Each Member of the ILO which ratifies this Convention undertakes to suppress and not to make use of any form of forced or compulsory labour: (a) as a means of political coercion or education or as a punishment for holding or expressing political views or views ideologically opposed to the established political, social or economic system; as a method of mobilising and using labour for purposes of economic development; as a means of labour discipline; as a punishment for having participated in strikes; as a means of racial, social, national or religious discrimination. (b) (c) (d) (e) Article 2 Each Member of the ILO which...
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