Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 30: ILO: Convention No 138 (1973) Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Emplyment (entry into force 1976)
30. ILO: Convention No 138 (1973) Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (entry into force 1976) Commentary: This Convention revised earlier Minimum Age Conventions and Recommendations with respect to Industry (1919 & 1937), Sea (1920 & 1936), Agriculture (1921), Trimmers and Stokers (1921), Non-Industrial Employment (1932 & 1937), Fishermen (1959) and Underground Work (1965). See further, Recommendation No 146 (1973) concerning the Minimum Age. See also, ILO Convention No 79 (1946) concerning Night Work of Young Persons (Non-Industrial Occupations) (entry into force 1950); Convention No 90 (1948) concerning Night Work of Young Persons (Industry) (entry into force 1951) as revised. Article 1 Each Member for which this Convention is in force undertakes to pursue a national policy designed to ensure the effective abolition of child labour and to raise progressively the minimum age for admission to employment or work to a level consistent with the fullest physical and mental development of young persons. Article 2 1. Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall specify, in a declaration appended to its ratification, a minimum age for admission to employment or work within its territory and on means of transport registered in its territory; subject to Articles 4 to 8 of this Convention, no one under that age shall be admitted to employment or work in any occupation. 3. The minimum age specified in pursuance of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling and, in any case, shall not be less than 15 years....
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