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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 30: ILO: Convention No 138 (1973) Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Emplyment (entry into force 1976)


30. ILO: Convention No 138 (1973) Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (entry into force 1976) Commentary: This Convention revised earlier Minimum Age Conventions and Recommendations with respect to Industry (1919 & 1937), Sea (1920 & 1936), Agriculture (1921), Trimmers and Stokers (1921), Non-Industrial Employment (1932 & 1937), Fishermen (1959) and Underground Work (1965). See further, Recommendation No 146 (1973) concerning the Minimum Age. See also, ILO Convention No 79 (1946) concerning Night Work of Young Persons (Non-Industrial Occupations) (entry into force 1950); Convention No 90 (1948) concerning Night Work of Young Persons (Industry) (entry into force 1951) as revised. Article 1 Each Member for which this Convention is in force undertakes to pursue a national policy designed to ensure the effective abolition of child labour and to raise progressively the minimum age for admission to employment or work to a level consistent with the fullest physical and mental development of young persons. Article 2 1. Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall specify, in a declaration appended to its ratification, a minimum age for admission to employment or work within its territory and on means of transport registered in its territory; subject to Articles 4 to 8 of this Convention, no one under that age shall be admitted to employment or work in any occupation. 3. The minimum age specified in pursuance of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not be less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling and, in any case, shall not be less than 15 years....

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