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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 55: UNEP: London Guidelines for the Exchange of Information on Chemicals in International Trade, 1989


Commentary: The London Guidelines were adopted through UNEP Governing Council Decision 15/30 (1989). Since they are primarily addressed to governments with a view to increasing chemical safety and information exchange, the extracts below are limited to commercial roles and responsibilities (footnotes also omitted). The Annexes contain various forms including a PIC decision guidance document. Introduction to the Guidelines 5. These Guidelines provide a mechanism for importing countries to formally record and disseminate their decisions regarding the future importation of chemicals which have been banned or severely restricted and outlines the shared responsibilities of importing and exporting countries and exporting industries in ensuring that these decisions are heeded . . . Part 1: General Provisions 1. Definitions For the purposes of the Guidelines: (a) ‘Chemical’ means a chemical substance whether by itself or in a mixture or preparation, whether manufactured or obtained from nature and includes such substances used as industrial chemicals and pesticides; ‘Banned chemical’ means a chemical which has, for health or environmental reasons, been prohibited for all uses by final governmental regulatory actions; ‘Severely restricted chemical’ means a chemical for which, for health or environmental reasons, virtually all uses have been prohibited nationally by final government regulatory action, but for which certain specific uses remain authorized; ‘International trade’ means export or import of chemicals; ‘Export’ and ‘import’ mean, in their respective connotations, the movement of a chemical from one State to another State, but exclude mere transit operations; ‘Management’ means the handling, supply transport, storage, treatment, application, or other use of...

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