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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 56: FAO: International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides, 2002


Commentary: The Code is a reference point for all public and private sector entities engaged in distributing and using pesticides. It was first adopted by the FAO Conference at its Twenty-Fifth Session, approved by UNGA Resolution 39/248 (1985) and amended in 1989 to include provisions concerning the prior informed consent (PIC) procedure. In 1999, the FAO revised the Code in the light of the 1998 Rotterdam Convention (above), the changing international policy framework, persistent pesticide management problems within developing States and the recommendations of an FAO expert panel. Governments, NGOs, the pesticide industry and other UN organisations participated in the revision process prior to its final approval by FAO Council Resolution 1/123 (2002). Pesticide management involves reducing risk, protecting human and environmental health, supporting sustainable agriculture, employing the life-cycle concept and applying integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. Implementation of the Code is overseen by the FAO Pesticide Management Group in the light of information provided by governments, the pesticide industry, NGOs and other interested parties: FAO (2003), ‘Report of the 18th Session of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Specifications, Registration Requirements, Application Standards and Prior Informed Consent’, Rome. See further, FAO/OECD Pesticide Risk Reduction Survey; FAO Global Monitoring of Pesticide Management Practices; and FAO Pesticide Management Guidelines. Although the Code delimits the roles and responsibilities of all relevant actors, the extracts below focus upon those of industry and footnotes are omitted. Annex 1 identifies several relevant international policy instruments pertaining to chemical management, protecting human and environmental health,...

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