Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 60: UNEP: Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, 1987
Commentary: The Montreal Protocol (1522 UNTS 3 (1987), entry into force 1989) is a Protocol to the preceding Vienna Convention. It was formulated so that phase-out schedules could be revised on the basis of periodic scientific and technological assessments. Article 2A (below) illustrates the consumption and production schedule for CFCs. Similar consumption and production schedules are contemplated with respect to halons (Article 2B), other fully halogenated CFCs (2C), carbon tetrachloride (2D), trichloroethane or methyl chloroform (2E), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (2F), hydrobromofluorocarbons (2G), methyl bromide (2H) and bromochloromethane (2I). Article 3 identifies the method for calculating control levels. Articles 4 and 4A specify a schedule for banning the import of those controlled substances identified in the Annexes from Parties and non-Parties. Article 4B establishes a licensing system for importing and exporting new, used, recycled or reclaimed controlled substances listed in Annexes A, B, C and E. Article 5 provides that to meet domestic needs developing States may delay compliance for ten years. Article 6 contemplates assessing and reviewing control measures every four years by panels of appropriately qualified experts on the basis of available scientific, environmental, technical and economic information. Article 7 envisages reporting statistical data to the secretariat, Article 8 concerns non-compliance and Article 10 establishes a Multilateral Financing Fund. The Protocol was adjusted and/or amended to introduce new control measures and add other controlled substances in London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), Vienna (1995), Montreal (1997) and Beijing (1999). Annex A lists controlled substances having ozonedepleting potential based upon existing knowledge. Annexes B...
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