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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 68: Marine Stewardship Council: Principles and Criteria for Sustainable Fishing, 2002


Commentary: The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC, was established in 1997 by Unilever and the World Wide Fund for Nature. It is currently supported by approximately 100 organisations in more than 20 States. Fisheries irrespective of size voluntarily conforming to the MSC Principles and Criteria are eligible for certification by independent MSC-accredited organisations. The Principles and Criteria seek to promote sustainable and effective fisheries management, ecosystem integrity and legal compliance. Introduction At the centre of the MSC is a set of Principles and Criteria for Sustainable Fishing which are used as a standard in a third party, independent and voluntary certification programme. These were developed by means of an extensive, international consultative process through which the views of stakeholders in fisheries were gathered. These Principles reflect a recognition that a sustainable fishery should be based upon: (i) The maintenance and re-establishment of healthy populations of targeted species; (ii) The maintenance of the integrity of ecosystems; (iii) The development and maintenance of effective fisheries management systems, taking into account all relevant biological, technological, economic, social, environmental and commercial aspects; and (iv) Compliance with relevant local and national local laws and standards and international understandings and agreements. The Principles and Criteria are further designed to recognise and emphasise that management efforts are most likely to be successful in accomplishing the goals of conservation and sustainable use of marine resources when there is full co-operation among the full range of fisheries stakeholders, including those who are dependent on fishing for their food and...

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