Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 69: UN: Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of State in Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 1967
69. UN: Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 1967 Commentary: The Outer Space Treaty (610 UNTS 205, entry into force 1967) derives from UNGA Resolution 1962 (1963). The exploration and use of outer space is for the benefit of all States (Article I) and is therefore not subject to national appropriation (Article II). In addition to the provisions below, governments undertake consultations where they believe that activities by their nationals would cause potentially harmful interference to others (Article IX). See further, UNGA Resolution 51/122 (1996) concerning a Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing Countries and the Report of the Legal Subcommittee on the work of its forty-third session, UN Doc A/AC.105/826 (2004). For academic commentary, see Williams S.M. (1987), ‘International law and the exploration of outer space: a new market for private enterprise?’, in Snyder F.E. and Sathirathai S. (eds), Third World Attitudes toward International Law, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 787. See also, UN Office for Outer Space Affairs: www.oosa.unvienna.org. Article VI States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried on by governmental agencies or by non-governmental entities, and for assuring that national activities are carried out in conformity with...
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