Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 70: UN: Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 1979
Commentary: The Moon Agreement (1986 ATS No 14, entry into force 1984) provides that the moon and its natural resources are the common heritage of mankind and contemplates a future international regime governing exploitation. Article 4 provides that exploration and use of the moon is for the benefit of all States with due regard to development and the interests of present and future generations. Article 6 establishes freedom of scientific investigation and Article 12 envisages governments retaining jurisdiction and control over their personnel, vehicles, equipment, facilities, stations and installations. Article 1 1. The provisions of this Agreement relating to the moon shall also apply to other celestial bodies within the solar system, other than the earth, except in so far as specific legal norms enter into force with respect to any of these celestial bodies. 2. For the purposes of this Agreement reference to the moon shall include orbits around or other trajectories to or around it. 3. This Agreement does not apply to extraterrestrial materials which reach the surface of the earth by natural means. Article 11 1. The moon and its natural resources are the common heritage of mankind . . . 2. The moon is not subject to national appropriation by any claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means. 3. Neither the surface nor the subsurface of the moon, nor any part thereof or natural resources in place, shall become property of any State, international intergovernmental or non-governmental organization, national organization or non-governmental...
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