Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 74: Additional initiatives
i. UN: World Charter for Nature, 1982 Commentary: UNGA Resolution 37/7 (1982), paragraph 21, provides inter alia that: States and, to the extent that they are able, other public authorities, international organisations, individuals, groups and corporations shall: (a) (b) Co-operate in the task of conserving nature through common activities and other relevant actions, including information exchange and consultations; Establish standards for products and manufacturing processes that may have adverse effects on nature, as well as agreed methodologies for assessing these effects; Implement the applicable international legal provisions for the conservation of nature and the protection of the environment; Ensure that activities within their jurisdictions or control do not cause damage to the natural systems located within other States or in the areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction; Safeguard and conserve nature in areas beyond national jurisdiction. (c) (d) (e) The Charter also refers to the precautionary principle. See further, EC (2000), ‘Commission Communication on the Precautionary Principle’, COM (2000)/1FINAL. For commercial perspectives, see CEFIC (1995), ‘The Precautionary Principle, Industry and Law-making, Brussels’; ICC (1997), ‘A Precautionary Approach: An ICC Business Perspective’, Policy Statement, Paris; CEFIC (2000), ‘Views on the Precautionary Principle’, Brussels; CEFIC (2000), ‘Comments on the Commission Communication on the Precautionary Principle of 2 February 2000’, Brussels; ICCA (2000), ‘Comments on the Application of the Precautionary Principle in Regulatory Decision-making’, Arlington, VA; ACC (2001), ‘The Precautionary Principle: An Industry Perspective on Domestic and International Developments in Precaution’, Arlington, VA. On the application of the principle in the...
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