Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 85: Articles Common to the Geneva Conventions
Commentary: For the roles and responsibilities of corporations in zones of conflict, see further, International Alert/Council on Economic Priorities/PWBLF (2000), ‘The Business of Peace: The Private Sector as a Partner in Conflict Prevention and Resolution’, London; OHCHR (2001), ‘Global Compact Dialogue on the Role of the Private Sector in Zones of Conflict’, Palais Wilson; Global Compact Office (2002), ‘Business Guide for Conflict Impact Assessment and Risk Management’; Global Compact Office (2005), Enabling Economies of Peace: Public Policy for Conflict-Sensitive Business, New York; World Bank (2005), ‘International Companies and Post-Conflict Reconstruction; Cross-Sectoral Comparisons’, Paper No. 22, Washington, DC. See also, the activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC; www.icrc.org) and the Business Humanitarian Forum (BHF; www.bhforum.ch). For academic commentary, see Carbonnier G. (2001), ‘Corporate responsibility and humanitarian principles: what relations between the business and humanitarian worlds?’, International Review of the Red Cross, 83 (844), 947–68; Fort T.L. and Schipani C.A. (2002), ‘The role of the corporation in fostering sustainable peace’, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 35, 389–436; Orts E.W. (2002), ‘War and the business corporation’, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 35, 549–84. Extracted below, the First Geneva Convention (75 UNTS 31), Second (75 UNTS 85), Third (75 UNTS 135) and Fourth (75 UNTS 287) were concluded in 1949 and entered into force during 1950. Collectively they constitute (together with the two Additional Protocols – see below) the legal regime with respect to international humanitarian law. The legal character of hostilities (international or non-international armed conflicts)...
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