Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 87: UN: Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 1949
Commentary: Article 43 of this Convention specifies the identification system for hospital ships (white exterior surfaces, large dark red crosses and national flags). See further, Hague Convention (VI) relating to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships at the Outbreak of Hostilities 205 Consol TS 305 (entry into force 1910); Hague Convention (VII) relating to the Conversion of Merchant Ships into War-Ships, 205 Consol TS 319 (entry into force 1910). Chapter II: Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Article 14 All warships of a belligerent Party shall have the right to demand that the wounded, sick or shipwrecked on board military hospital ships, and hospital ships belonging to relief societies or to private individuals, as well as merchant vessels, yachts and other craft shall be surrendered, whatever their nationality, provided that the wounded and sick are in a fit state to be moved and that the warship can provide adequate facilities for necessary medical treatment. Article 21 The Parties to the conflict may appeal to the charity of commanders of neutral merchant vessels, yachts or other craft, to take on board and care for wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons, and to collect the dead. Vessels of any kind responding to this appeal, and those having of their own accord collected wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons, shall enjoy special protection and facilities to carry out such assistance. They may, in no case, be captured on account of any such transport; but, in the absence of any promise to the contrary, they shall remain liable...
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