Edited by Stephen Tully
Chapter 88: UN: Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 1949
Commentary: Article 4A defines prisoners of war as including members of the armed forces of Parties to the conflict (paragraph 1), members of militias or volunteer corps provided certain conditions are met (2), the armed forces of unrecognised governments (3), persons who accompany armed forces ‘without actually being members thereof, such as civilian members of military aircraft crews, war correspondents, supply contractors, members of labour units or of services responsible for the welfare of the armed forces, provided that they have received authorization from the armed forces which they accompany, who shall provide them for that purpose with an identity card’ (4), the crews of merchant marine vessels and civil aircraft (5) and local inhabitants acting spontaneously (6). Article 4B also identifies the armed forces of occupied countries (paragraph 1) and individuals received by neutral or non-belligerent Powers (2) as entitled to prisoners of war status. Chapter II: Quarters, Food and Clothing of Prisoners of War ARTICLE 26 The basic daily food rations shall be sufficient in quantity, quality and variety to keep prisoners of war in good health and to prevent loss of weight or the development of nutritional deficiencies. Account shall also be taken of the habitual diet of the prisoners. The Detaining Power shall supply prisoners of war who work with such additional rations as are necessary for the labour on which they are employed. ARTICLE 27 Clothing, underwear and footwear shall be supplied to prisoners of war in sufficient quantities by the Detaining Power, which shall...
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