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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 96: UN: Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, 1990


Commentary: Corporations have been called upon to have regard to these Basic Principles on the Use of Force emanating from the Eighth UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders in Havana. The term ‘law enforcement officials’ is construed consistently with the commentary to Article 1 of the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials (above). Resolution 14 of the Seventh UN Congress held at Varenna, Italy emphasised that the use of force should be commensurate with due respect for human rights: see further, ECOSOC Resolution 1986/10 (1986) and UNGA Resolution 41/149 (1986). General Provisions 1. Governments and law enforcement agencies shall adopt and implement rules and regulations on the use of force and firearms against persons by law enforcement officials . . . 2. Governments and law enforcement agencies should develop a range of means as broad as possible and equip law enforcement officials with various types of weapons and ammunition that would allow for a differentiated use of force and firearms. These should include the development of non-lethal incapacitating weapons for use in appropriate situations, with a view to increasingly restraining the application of means capable of causing death or injury to persons. For the same purpose, it should also be possible for law enforcement officials to be equipped with self-defensive equipment such as shields, helmets, bullet-proof vests and bullet-proof means of transportation, in order to decrease the need to use weapons of any kind. 3. The development and deployment of non-lethal incapacitating weapons should be carefully...

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