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International Documents on Corporate Responsibility

Edited by Stephen Tully

International Documents on Corporate Responsibility includes the principal international, regional and national instruments drafted by intergovernmental organisations or states as well as codes of conduct formulated by industry associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations. The coverage includes the fields of human rights, international criminal and environmental law, labour standards, international trade, armed conflict, sustainable development, corruption, consumer protection and corporate governance. Each document is accompanied by a brief explanatory commentary outlining the historical origins of the instrument, the principal actors involved, controversial negotiation issues, applicable implementation procedure, and identifies further reference material.
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Chapter 122: WHO: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control 2003


122. WHO: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, 2003 Commentary: The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) (WHA Resolution WHA56.1 (2003), entry into force 2005) is the first treaty negotiated under WHO’s auspices and addresses both demand reduction strategies and supplyside concerns. WHA Resolution WHA 48.11 (1995) requested the Director-General to consider the feasibility of a framework convention: see WHO (1997), ‘The Feasibility of an International Instrument for Tobacco Control’, WHO Doc EB97/INF.DOC.4; WHO Executive Board (EB) Resolution EB97.R8. WHA Resolution WHA49.17 then requested the Director-General to initiate an FCTC. WHA Resolution WHA52.18 (1999) established a technical working group and an intergovernmental negotiating body. After two sessions the former produced a provisional draft (WHO Document A53/12) which initiated intergovernmental negotiations: WHA Resolution WHA53.16. The first session of the intergovernmental negotiating body was preceded by a public hearing where the public health community, tobacco industry and farmers’ groups made submissions. Two NGOs were subsequently admitted into official relations: see WHO Docs EB107/19 & A/FCTC/INB2/6 Add.1 as well as WHO Decision EB107(2). An international conference on the illicit tobacco products trade was held during 2002. In addition to the provisions extracted below, Article 7 envisages non-price measures for reducing tobacco demand and complementing Article 6. Article 14 contemplates governments promoting the cessation of tobacco use and adequately treating tobacco dependence. Article 17 envisages governments supporting economically viable alternatives for tobacco workers, growers and sellers. Governments also agreed under Article 18 to consider environmental protection and human health in relation to tobacco cultivation and...

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