International Handbook of Research on Indigenous Entrepreneurship
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International Handbook of Research on Indigenous Entrepreneurship

Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson

The comprehensive and thoroughly accessible International Handbook of Research on Indigenous Entrepreneurship aims to develop a multidisciplinary theory explaining entrepreneurship as a function of cultural perceptions of opportunity. The Handbook presents a multitude of fascinating, superbly illustrated studies on the facets of entrepreneurship amongst indigenous peoples.
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Chapter 20: Women’s Position in the Sámi Reindeer Husbandry

Solveig Joks


Solveig Joks The reindeer husbandry covers a wide range of tasks that demand a broad variety of knowledge. Therefore lots of people are involved. The tasks are often interconnected in the way that one task is dependent on the other in order to be completed. Therefore, until one task is completed, many people have been involved in the process. The reindeer Sámi have traditionally been, and are still, utilising all parts of the slaughtered reindeer. For instance, during the slaughtering, the men take care of the meat while the women skin the legs that are used for sewing shoes. Bags are also made from the hides (see Figure 20.1). However the different work tasks have not been given the same value in the official sphere. While meat production is the main interest, the work on the skin has received little attention. In Norway today, the public view of reindeer husbandry is strongly associated with meat production, and the other useful products and work tasks are to a great degree maintained outside the public sphere. For instance, duodji production (Sámi handicraft) has always been a part of reindeer husbandry. Both men and women have been making duodji. However women are in charge of sewing clothes. For instance, women use raw material from reindeer to produce clothes, especially winter clothes. In modern times women are also producing clothes for the market. This gives additional income from the meat production. In this chapter I will discuss some of the...

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