Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 20: Women’s Position in the Sámi Reindeer Husbandry
Solveig Joks The reindeer husbandry covers a wide range of tasks that demand a broad variety of knowledge. Therefore lots of people are involved. The tasks are often interconnected in the way that one task is dependent on the other in order to be completed. Therefore, until one task is completed, many people have been involved in the process. The reindeer Sámi have traditionally been, and are still, utilising all parts of the slaughtered reindeer. For instance, during the slaughtering, the men take care of the meat while the women skin the legs that are used for sewing shoes. Bags are also made from the hides (see Figure 20.1). However the diﬀerent work tasks have not been given the same value in the oﬃcial sphere. While meat production is the main interest, the work on the skin has received little attention. In Norway today, the public view of reindeer husbandry is strongly associated with meat production, and the other useful products and work tasks are to a great degree maintained outside the public sphere. For instance, duodji production (Sámi handicraft) has always been a part of reindeer husbandry. Both men and women have been making duodji. However women are in charge of sewing clothes. For instance, women use raw material from reindeer to produce clothes, especially winter clothes. In modern times women are also producing clothes for the market. This gives additional income from the meat production. In this chapter I will discuss some of the...
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