Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 28: The Saskatchewan Experience
Robert B. Anderson, Ana María Peredo, Benson Honig, Léo-Paul Dana and Warren Weir Introduction In the Canadian province of Saskatchewan, as is the case elsewhere, Indigenous peoples are struggling toward self-determination, to rebuild their ‘nations’ and improve their socioeconomic circumstances. Many see participation in the mainstream globalized economy through entrepreneurship and business development as a path toward economic improvement and nation ‘rebuilding’. As previous work by Anderson and various coauthors indicates (see Figure 28.1), Aboriginal people want this participation in the mainstream, globalized economy to be on their own terms and for their own purposes. Traditional lands, history, culture and values play a critical role in this process. So does capacity building, both ﬁnancial and human. Entrepreneurship – the identiﬁcation of unmet or undersatisﬁed needs and related opportunities, and the creation of enterprises, organizations, products and services in response to these opportunities – lies at the heart of the Aboriginal economic development strategy. Through entrepreneurship and business development they believe they can attain their socioeconomic objectives. However this entrepreneurship is somewhat diﬀerent from the classic notion of entrepreneurship in both motivation and process. There is a greater emphasis on collective activity than individual, and a greater emphasis on community and cultural preservation than would be expected of purely market-driven entrepreneurial activities. The diﬀerentiating features of Aboriginal entrepreneurship in Canada, and Indigenous entrepreneurship worldwide, are explored in more depth in the paragraphs that follow. It is important to note two things about the Aboriginal approach to development...
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