Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 30: Mohawk First Nations: Successes and Challenges of Small Business Owners
Terri R. Lituchy, Robert Oppenheimer, Thomas O’Connell and Ronald J. Abraira Canadian Aboriginal entrepreneurs: successes and challenges of small business owners Entrepreneurship has increasingly been at the forefront of political discussions on the state of economic development for Aboriginal people in Canada over the last 20 years. Key institutions such as Aboriginal capital corporations, community economic development organizations and local human resources development agencies have provided much of the direct and indirect support for the growing focus on entrepreneurship. In addition, Aboriginal Business Canada has been the long-term business development of Industry Canada specifically geared towards Aboriginal people. The Aboriginal Business Service Network and many other support programs have sprung up to provide access to information, training and ﬁnancial resources to help further develop and promote Aboriginal entrepreneurship. Owing to these continued eﬀorts and the lack of conventional employment accessibility, many Aboriginal people have been turning towards self-employment as a strategy for economic survival in Canada as well as other countries (Peredo et al., 2004). Not surprisingly, eﬀorts towards economic capacity building in the form of entrepreneurial activity have found successes and failures, strengths and weaknesses. The purpose of this chapter is to research the successes and diﬃculties of Aboriginal entrepreneurs. Speciﬁcally we examine the personality characteristics and business skills that have been found to lead to successful entrepreneurs and observe how they apply to this unique cultural group within Canada. For reference purposes, Aboriginal people in Canada are made up of Status Indian, Inuit and...
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