Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 35: Bolivia: Land of the Aymarás and Quechuas
Léo-Paul Dana Introduction Rees and Bell wrote, ‘Once a year Indians pitch tents, tether cattle, and hold a livestock fair . . . many have tramped vast distances beside their animals. Here, at Pucarani, they exchange the plateau’s cows, leather, cheese, and frozen potatoes for the lowlands’ coca, fruit, and bamboo, and factories’ clothes, dyes, and gadgets. Such fairs are handed down from Inca times’ (1950, p. 480). As noted by McIntyre (1966), the legendary birthplace of the Indigenous Incas is Isla del Sol, an island in Lake Titicaca,1 the world’s highest navigable lake. Tschopik (1955) spent two-and-a-half years on the shores of Lake Titicaca, researching the local people. He noted, ‘Economic gain, clearly, is not the only motive for commerce’ (ibid., p. 136). Later, Penrose wrote, ‘The fact that businessmen, though interested in proﬁts, have a variety of other ambitions as well, some of which seem to inﬂuence (or distort) their judgment about the “best” way of making money, has often been discussed primarily in connection with the controversial subject of “proﬁt maximization” ’ (1959, p. 39). In the attempt to improve their standard of living, Indigenous people head to the city and, as urbanisation takes place, Indigenous people are faced with lifestyle changes (see Figure 35.1). The informal sector in Bolivia absorbs a high migration from rural areas (see Figure 35.1 Recently urbanised mother and child (photo by Léo-Paul Dana © 2005) 445 446 International handbook of research on indigenous entrepreneurship Figure 35.2 Back home (photo...
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