Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 36: The South Pacific: Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands – Insights into the Theory and Praxis of Indigenous Entrepreneurship
36 The South Paciﬁc: Australia, New Zealand and the Paciﬁc Islands – insights into the theory and praxis of Indigenous entrepreneurship Garth Cant Introduction Australia, New Zealand, Melanesia and Polynesia form an interesting South Paciﬁc set. There are areas of commonality and, since the 1980s, well established networks of interaction alongside distinctive cultural, geographical and historical variations. Aboriginal peoples in Australia are among the oldest peoples of the world and occupy one of the largest and driest land masses. The Indigenous peoples of Polynesia, in contrast, are much more recent arrivals who have voyaged across vast expanses of ocean to be the ﬁrst occupants of their small, moist tropical homelands. Many of the chapters on Indigenous entrepreneurship presented in the South Paciﬁc part of this volume serve to elucidate and consolidate themes that are important in all sections of the volume as a whole. We will provide an overview of these contributions, organised below in Australian, New Zealand and Paciﬁc sets. Alongside them are a smaller set of studies which provide signiﬁcant insights or new perspectives on Indigenous entrepreneurship across the globe. Australia, Melanesia and Polynesia Australian Aboriginal people have been part of their Australian homeland for at least 40 000 to 50 000 years, probably 50 000 to 60 000 years and perhaps as long as 70 000 to 100 000 years. They are among the oldest peoples in the world in terms of continuous occupation of their present-day homelands. Melanesian peoples have a...
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