Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 38: The Renaissance of Indigenous Entrepreneurship in Australia
Kevin Hindle Introduction The chapter argues that Indigenous entrepreneurship in Australia is not something that can or should be instilled by a patronising mainstream culture. Indigenous entrepreneurship existed before the twin attacks of a brutal, dispossessing invasion and the inﬂiction of an initiative-destroying passive welfare system. Compared with America and Canada, Indigenous entrepreneurship in Australia is in decline but, through the development of culturally sensitive, community-supported education programmes, the renaissance of Indigenous entrepreneurship in Australia is a realistic possibility. The growing policy importance of Indigenous entrepreneurship Hindle and Lansdowne (2005) provide a deﬁnition of Indigenous entrepreneurship: Indigenous entrepreneurship is the creation, management and development of new ventures by Indigenous people for the beneﬁt of Indigenous people. The organizations thus created can pertain to either the private, public or non-proﬁt sectors. The desired and achieved beneﬁts of venturing can range from the narrow view of economic proﬁt for a single individual to the broad view of multiple, social and economic advantages for entire communities. Outcomes and entitlements derived from Indigenous entrepreneurship may extend to enterprise partners and stakeholders who may be non-Indigenous. In all nations with signiﬁcant Indigenous minorities, the economic and social deprivation of Indigenous peoples has long been of deep policy concern, but both debate and administration of the issues – particularly the welfare issue – have not been in Indigenous control. Whether the intentions of non-Indigenous governance and aid agencies have been malicious or benign, the result of taking responsibility out of Indigenous...
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