International Handbook of Research on Indigenous Entrepreneurship
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International Handbook of Research on Indigenous Entrepreneurship

Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson

The comprehensive and thoroughly accessible International Handbook of Research on Indigenous Entrepreneurship aims to develop a multidisciplinary theory explaining entrepreneurship as a function of cultural perceptions of opportunity. The Handbook presents a multitude of fascinating, superbly illustrated studies on the facets of entrepreneurship amongst indigenous peoples.
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Chapter 39: Different Strokes for Different Folks: Stimulating Entreperenurship in Regional Communities

Tim Mazzarol


39 Different strokes for different folks: stimulating entrepreneurship in regional communities Tim Mazzarol Introduction This study examines the perceptions of different communities toward a set of triggers and barriers to the creation of a new business venture. Drawing on a sample of 253 respondents, the perceptions of six different sub-populations were examined, including those who had already launched a business venture (owner–managers) and those who had not (nascent entrepreneurs); persons located in urban and rural areas; and indigenous and non-indigenous communities. Findings suggest significant differences exist between these communities in how they perceive the importance of various triggers and barriers. These findings are discussed in the context of regional economic development with recommendations for future policy by government and non-government agencies seeking to generate more new venture start-ups Entrepreneurship in regional communities Uneven distribution of wealth and opportunity is a problem facing governments throughout the world, with economic and social divisions emerging within countries as human and financial capital flow unevenly from one region to the next. Sustainable economic development within regional economies requires growth in both employment and per capita incomes.1 However, for many regional economies, the decline of traditional industries leads to steady erosion in the employment base and a commensurate fall in per capita incomes. Where the establishment of a few large employing firms or government-owned enterprises could not secure such employment and income growth, the only alternative is self-employment or entrepreneurship in the form of new venture creation.2 Research...

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