Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 42: Kaupapa Maori Entrepreneurship
Ella Henry Introduction Maori ﬁgure amongst the worst social statistics in present-day New Zealand society. For much of the last 20 years, research has focused on the disparities between Maori and nonMaori. However the recent development of Kaupapa Maori research (by, with and for Maori) has begun to investigate those paradigms and models that are delivering positive outcomes for Maori in education, research and (more recently) business and community development. This chapter explores some of the tribal initiatives that oﬀer the potential for business and community development, which delivers both economic and political sovereignty to a colonised, indigenous people. This chapter will look ﬁrst at traditional Maori society, and how it was aﬀected by contact with the outside world, and what eﬀects this had on the burgeoning arena of Maori entrepreneurship. These impacts will be broken down into three phases: First Contact (1642–1840), Colonisation (1840–1970) and the Maori Renaissance (1970 onwards). We will trace the negative impacts of colonisation, in terms of social indicators, and discuss the role that the Maori Renaissance has played in revitalising Maori language, culture and identity, while reinvigorating Maori worldview, as encapsulated by the Kaupapa Maori paradigm. Finally we will look at some of the recent Kaupapa Maori Entrepreneurial initiatives that are delivering community development opportunities, while nurturing the sense of self-determination, and validating Maori aspirations, economically and politically. First contact Maori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand, having arrived in the group of islands as part of...
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