Edited by Patrizio Bianchi and Sandrine Labory
Chapter 15: Technology Policy and Social Policy: How Industrial Policy Applies to Health
Daniele Paci and Stuart O. Schweitzer Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to provide a framework of analysis in which industrial policy and health are related to one another. This appears to be an ambitious goal because traditionally they are seen as two completely unrelated worlds. Industrial policy, often designed to promote particular industries, has its own objectives and its own instruments and it is implemented by speciﬁc agencies and authorities (antitrust, Ministry of Industry, European Commission and so on), while health policy usually has diﬀerent objectives and instruments and involves diﬀerent policy makers and authorities (NIH, FDA, WHO and so on). However, we argue that a convergence between these two concepts could be both possible and potentially fruitful. Following Di Tommaso and Schweitzer (2005), health can be seen as one of the largest industries in most industrialized countries, measured in terms of expenditures, employment and output. This new perspective has important policy implications: it suggests a rethinking of the public policy tools and objectives to be applied in a sector which, over the past few decades, has been strongly inﬂuenced by increasing budget constraints. Why should (or should not) industrial promotion be applied to health-related sectors? The answer lies in the essence of industrial policy itself. Therefore we will provide a tentative analysis of a possible deﬁnition of industrial policy and we will describe the main features of the health industry sectors, which make them a likely target of public intervention of industrial...
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