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International Handbook on Industrial Policy

Edited by Patrizio Bianchi and Sandrine Labory

This timely and much-needed Handbook reconsiders an old topic from a fresh perspective, raising a number of new, interesting and worthwhile issues in the wake of ten years of globalization. This comprehensive analysis illustrates that old-style industrial policies whereby the government directly intervened in markets, and was often the producer itself, are no longer relevant. Structural changes occurring in economies – summarized in the term ‘globalization’ – are triggering the definition and implementation of new industrial policies. The contributors, leading experts in their field, unite to evaluate this shift of over a decade ago.
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Chapter 15: Technology Policy and Social Policy: How Industrial Policy Applies to Health

Daniele Paci and Stuart O. Schweitzer


Daniele Paci and Stuart O. Schweitzer Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to provide a framework of analysis in which industrial policy and health are related to one another. This appears to be an ambitious goal because traditionally they are seen as two completely unrelated worlds. Industrial policy, often designed to promote particular industries, has its own objectives and its own instruments and it is implemented by specific agencies and authorities (antitrust, Ministry of Industry, European Commission and so on), while health policy usually has different objectives and instruments and involves different policy makers and authorities (NIH, FDA, WHO and so on). However, we argue that a convergence between these two concepts could be both possible and potentially fruitful. Following Di Tommaso and Schweitzer (2005), health can be seen as one of the largest industries in most industrialized countries, measured in terms of expenditures, employment and output. This new perspective has important policy implications: it suggests a rethinking of the public policy tools and objectives to be applied in a sector which, over the past few decades, has been strongly influenced by increasing budget constraints. Why should (or should not) industrial promotion be applied to health-related sectors? The answer lies in the essence of industrial policy itself. Therefore we will provide a tentative analysis of a possible definition of industrial policy and we will describe the main features of the health industry sectors, which make them a likely target of public intervention of industrial...

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