Cities and Regions in Crisis
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Cities and Regions in Crisis

The Political Economy of Sub-National Economic Development

Martin Jones

This book offers a new geographical political economy approach to our understanding of regional and local economic development in Western Europe over the last twenty years. It suggests that governance failure is occurring at a variety of spatial scales and an ‘impedimenta state’ is emerging. This is derived from the state responding to state intervention and economic development that has become irrational, ambivalent and disoriented. The book blends theoretical approaches to crisis and contradiction theory with empirical examples from cities and regions.
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Chapter 2: Government and governance

Martin Jones


This chapter, first, offers an introduction to the regulation approach (RA) and the new localism. Second, the RA is extended through Jessop’s idea of the Schumpeterian Workfare State (SWS), economic development is associated with governance, in contrast to a Keynesian Welfare State (KWS) government. Governance is a way of conceptualising the growth of unelected local agencies and public-private partner_ships that are being established alongside traditional forms of management undertaken by local government. The chapter argues that the contemporary period is one of economic governance, as opposed to economic government. Third, the emergence of neoliberal economic governance in the United Kingdom is discussed. Fourth, two contrasting forms of UK economic governance are evaluated: a centrally imposed ‘top-down’ enterprise partnership, illustrated through Business Link in England, is contrasted with a nascent ‘bottom-up’ social economy-based partnership model popularized in Glasgow, Scotland.

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