The Political Economy of Sub-National Economic Development
Chapter 4: Zones of welfare and workfare
This chapter examines the emergence and evolution of the policy logics of local welfarism in Britain. In particular, it examines the making of Employment Zones (EZs) and how these intended to take forward the search for a ‘Third Way’ in welfare reform, focusing on the apparently changing policy rationales behind the initial design of prototypes and subsequently the much altered proposals for ‘fully-fledged’ Employment Zones. The chapter suggests that though fully-fledged zones contain much that is innovative, some of the key ingredients that made prototypes such a bold experiment may be lost. In the context of neoliberalism, the chapter reveals some of the underlying tensions within the New Labour welfare-to-work project and how it exhibits a mechanism for crisis metamorphosis and displacement.
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