Cities and Regions in Crisis
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Cities and Regions in Crisis

The Political Economy of Sub-National Economic Development

Martin Jones

This book offers a new geographical political economy approach to our understanding of regional and local economic development in Western Europe over the last twenty years. It suggests that governance failure is occurring at a variety of spatial scales and an ‘impedimenta state’ is emerging. This is derived from the state responding to state intervention and economic development that has become irrational, ambivalent and disoriented. The book blends theoretical approaches to crisis and contradiction theory with empirical examples from cities and regions.
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Chapter 4: Zones of welfare and workfare

Martin Jones

Abstract

This chapter examines the emergence and evolution of the policy logics of local welfarism in Britain. In particular, it examines the making of Employment Zones (EZs) and how these intended to take forward the search for a ‘Third Way’ in welfare reform, focusing on the apparently changing policy rationales behind the initial design of prototypes and subsequently the much altered proposals for ‘fully-fledged’ Employment Zones. The chapter suggests that though fully-fledged zones contain much that is innovative, some of the key ingredients that made prototypes such a bold experiment may be lost. In the context of neoliberalism, the chapter reveals some of the underlying tensions within the New Labour welfare-to-work project and how it exhibits a mechanism for crisis metamorphosis and displacement.

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