Dispelling the Myths
Chapter 5: The Turnover Hypothesis of Amazon Deforestation: Conceptual Framework
5. The turnover hypothesis of Amazon deforestation: conceptual framework INTRODUCTION 5.1. Although the underlying economic and political forces that stimulated migrations during the 1970s had disappeared by the mid-1980s, the Amazon continued to experience demographic instability, deforestation and concentration of land. Although in the 1970s migrants arrived in the Amazon from other regions, the difference in the 1980s was the end of interregional migrations and the beginning of intraregional migrations. Moreover, during the 1980s, the Amazon developed a critical mass of politicians and a local élite that began to deﬁne local priorities. During that period, the region acquired its own socio-economic dynamics that began to inﬂuence migration patterns with direct consequences for deforestation and land re-concentration. Therefore, in the 1980s, locally generated stimuli replaced external forces. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the source of demographic instability in the Amazon continued to be the migrations of the rural population, mainly that of small farmers. These farmers have always been the ﬁrst ones to arrive and, therefore, are considered the initial source of deforestation in new frontiers. It is conjectured that, after arrival, they engage in a sequence of predictable uses of land, which ultimately culminates in the sale of their plots to new owners, who, for different reasons and purposes, deforest even more. The hypothesized process of pioneer settlers arriving in a directed colonization project, settling in for a few years, deforesting part of the plot for agricultural production, and then selling out the land to a newcomer is...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.